One of the core pieces of the justice system is your right to due process. Things like hearings and trials allow you to have your day in court. Courts across the country, including New York, have used video conferencing technology to make the process more efficient for the courts for decades.
Besides enhanced efficiency, proponents of the video technology cited better protection from safety and health threats as additional reasons for its use. As you might expect, there have been drawbacks to the use of video conferencing in hearings. Some of the issues include: